Smoking cigarettes is the biggest risk factor for lung cancer and causes about 80% of deaths from the disease. But people who don’t smoke can develop lung cancer too. A new study found that out of 100 people in the United States who were recently diagnosed with lung cancer, about 12 of them (12%) had never smoked cigarettes. The study was co-led by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Health Topic News (ACS). The results were published in a research letter in JAMA Oncology.
While other studies have shown increases in the number of lung cancer patients who had never smoked cigarettes in both the US and United Kingdom (UK), this study offers greater insight into the rate at which people are diagnosed with lung cancer. Instead of pulling data from local hospitals as smaller studies have done, this study used a large sample of over 129,000 cases of lung cancer based on data from cancer registries in 7 states.
The data was collected from 2011, when the CDC National Program of Cancer Registries began obtaining cigarette smoking history from patient medical records, to 2016.
The study offers a more detailed look at recently diagnosed lung cancer patients based on their smoking history.
In “never smokers” (people with a recent diagnosis of lung cancer who never smoked), the researchers found a higher percentage of:
People who have never smoked who develop lung cancer are more likely to be women and younger. Adenocarcinoma is the most common type of lung cancer seen in this group. Risk factors for lung cancer not related to smoking include exposure to secondhand smoke, radon, air pollution, and chemicals and materials at work such as asbestos.
Future cancer research focused on people who have never smoked may help researchers improve their understanding about the effect of genetic and other risk factors besides smoking on lung cancer.